About Nepal

Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 kim resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Asrctic.
 
Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to:
*       2% of all the flowering plants in the world
*       8% of the world’s population of birds (more than species)
*       4% of mammals of earth
*       11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than species)
*       600 indigenous plant families
*              319 species of exotic orchids
 
Area:                            147,181 sq. km
Location:                   Situated between China in the northand India in the south, east and west
Capital:                       Kathmandu
Population:              25.8 million
People:                       Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.
Language:                Nepaliis the national language; traveltrade people understand and speak English as           well.
Religion:                    Nepal is a secular state with a predominance of Hindu and  Buddhist population.
Currency:                  Nepal Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 98.08 as of October 2013)
Political System:   Federal Democratic Republic
Climate:                      Nepal has four major seasons (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Monsoons are from June till mid September. Nepal can be visited the whole your round.
What to Wear:        Light weight clothing is recommended from May through October. Warm garments are required in October-March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season

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